A Brief History of Tennis Courts: Every Tennis Enthusiast Should Know

If you are searching for the history of tennis courts, you have come to the right place. We all know that tennis is a popular sport like cricket and football all over the world. Like tennis’s invention, the history behind tennis, the tennis court’s details, and other things are amazing to know.

Tennis is a sport played on different courts. Initially, it started in northern France and has grown around the world ever since. The first tennis club was founded in Lamington by Englishman Henry Gem and various co-partners.

Read the full article to know more about the history of tennis.

Table of Contents

The story behind Tennis Courts

Surprisingly, from the past, the development of tennis dates back thousands of years. The background story of tennis’s game evolved from a twelve-century French handball game named “Paume.” 

Sometime later, the origin of the game “Paume” game originated handball “Jeu de Paume,” which means the game of palm and racquets were used there. European monks first created the game for an entertaining role through formal ceremonies. That is the origin of the tennis racquet.

The English King Henry built a tennis court in the Court Palace in the 1530s, but that court no longer exists. Instead, a similar court was built in 1625, which is still in use today. Meanwhile, in the 1870s, the game gained widespread popularity in the United States.

An essential part of the game’s history was the All England Croquet Club, created to separate a lawn for playing tennis and later renamed the Lawn Tennis Club. Also, there is a decision about a rectangular tennis court that is 23.7 meters long and 8.2 meters wide.

Day after day, all tennis equipment like tennis courts, racquets, shoes, balls are updated. To know the Tennis Court’s history, you can visit the following part.

history of tennis courts

How was the Tennis Court the Day before?

During Earlies time, the tennis players played the game in the courts of European monasteries. The tennis stars played the game on a rectangular inner court made of hardwood or stone floor, and the game later became popular tennis among the European elite.

These tennis courts of the day were made in imitation of the similar symbols as today’s tennis courts and were later built separately. But it was the size of the hourglass, the edges of which were wide, and the mesh was narrow. The rectangular shape of the current tennis court started in 1875.

Also, official tennis games were played on hard courts until the 1940s. The first clay tennis court was built in 1956 by the Gallia Tennis Club (GTC) in France. Now, most of the owners of hard courts spread synthetic mats or carpets on the surface of hard courts to make them softer. So the players can smoothly play the game on the courts without getting injured.

Play Court: Different tennis courts

Tennis tournaments are held at various essential venues worldwide, such as the United States Open, Wimbledon, and the French Open, each with its tennis courts. In the U.S. Open, tennis players take part in the hardcourt. At Wimbledon, they play on grass courts and the French on open clay courts.

In each court, the speed of play, the spin is different, which makes the surfaces of the court different. Famous player Rafael Nadal is known as the “King of the clay,” and Roger Federer is known as the “Invincible on the Grass” because they specialize in individual courts. That is why it is essential for a tennis player or anyone interested in playing tennis to know the tennis courts’ different types.

So far, as we know that there are many courts for playing tennis. Of course, each court has its requirements. Tennis courts are usually divided into four categories based on their size and qualities, including Clay, Grass, Carpet, and Hard courts.

The Nature of the Court of Clay

Of the four types of courts, Clay tennis courts are the most popular due to their exceptional features. More, red clay court surfaces are usually made of brick, and green clay courts are made of metabasalt.

This court’s surface is slow, so it also slows down the tennis ball, helps to generate a higher bounce than other courts. It is very mild, and the cover is very smooth in the body. On the ground, baseline players can play with lots of topspin ounces because the balls are high. Another key feature of the ounce clay court is that the ball can slide and hit well while still.

The Nature of the Court of Grass

The second, Grass Court, is the fastest of its kind because of its slippery surface. However, grass tennis courts are praised for their softcover and fast speed, which is very necessary for them.
Farther, the tennis ball’s bounce on the grass tennis court depends on the quality of the grass. The longer the grass, the more balls can be lowered with a blade of grass.

Due to the speed of the court, volleyball players also perform very well on this court. Because of the high maintenance costs, these courts are only used in professional tennis games.

Grass-Court

The Nature of the Court of Carpet

In tennis, carpet refers to the cover of a removable court. This type of surface converts to matter, field, and thickness. In these courts, the ball bounces as fast and down as the grass court.

Compared to other courts, carpet courts make up a small portion of all tennis courts. For professionals, even tournaments are no longer played on the carpet. The carpet court for men has been banned from professional tournaments by the Tennis Professionals Association since 2009, and it lasted until 2018 for women.

Carpet-Court

The Nature of the Court of Hard

Lastly, the Hard courts, usually made of concrete or rigid materials, are reasonably ordinary throughout the world. Ball-bounce, speed varies greatly depending on the type of hard court. At the same time, this court is equipped with numerous tennis facilities necessary for the players.

Some hard courts have high-bounce, due to which topspin players can be quite successful, and others have low balls where low-bounce occurs. Both Australian and U.S. Open are played on this court. The U.S. Open is played on acrylic hard courts among the various courts, and the Australian Open is played on a synthetic surface.

Three reasons make the hard courts exceptional.

● Hardcourts are the most common because they are straightforward to maintain and fast court surfaces in professional tennis tournaments. That is why hard courts have proven to be suitable for all types of tennis players.

● Also, it provides a good compromise between the clay court and the grass court. The game is straightforward to control on the hard courts because the ball’s bounce is predictable enough for the players.

● Another unique advantage of the hard court is that you can customize its color and speed to suit your individual preferences.

One of the few difficulties with hard courts is that they have a hard surface, which makes it so painful when they fall. Besides, hard fields reflect heat, which makes the player uncomfortable in a high-heat environment during play.

How big is Tennis Court?

We all know that the level of tennis courts is regulated and defined by the International Tennis Federation. The tennis court is rectangular and about 23.78 meters long, with a width of 8.23 ​​meters for a single match.

Besides that, the width for a double match is 10.97 meters. From the net, the distance of the service line is about 6.40 meters. There is a stretched net here that completely covers the court’s width, as it is divided into two equal ends—the net measures 0.91 m high in the center and 1.07 m high in the posts.

Final thoughts

We have tried to brief you on the four main types of tennis courts. For a complete history of tennis courts, you can check out the entire article. It defines the tennis court precisely. 

Nowadays, grass tennis courts are rare, but grass tennis courts are most suitable for service and volleyball players. The clay-court is the most comfortable court for the players and their bodies. On the other hand, the hard tennis court is the best bounce and suitable for all suppliers.